EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking

On 26 February 2016, the European Commission adopted a communication on the EU
Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking. The action plan is aimed at combatting illegal
wildlife trade by improving the implementation of existing legislation and raising
awareness about the seriousness of the crime. It is based on three priorities:
prevention, better enforcement and closer cooperation worldwide.

In recent years, wildlife trafficking has reached unprecedented levels, and global
demand for wildlife and related products has increased. Whereas existing EU-level
legislation is considered sufficient to combat illegal wildlife trade, the action plan calls
for more stringent law enforcement.

Wildlife trafficking can deplete the populations of certain species heavily, thereby
disrupting entire ecosystems. Moreover, it has economic and security implications.
Furthermore, the issue has a European dimension, since the EU is a destination as well
as a transfer and source region for wildlife trafficking.
After having called for a blueprint to fight wildlife crime in 2014, the European
Parliament is expected to adopt an own-initiative report on the EU action plan in late

Stakeholders have welcomed the action plan and its main purpose of improving the
implementation of existing legislation; in particular, businesses see it as a chance to
better protect their legal activities.

Link to the press release of the EP in here.